Information Management & Data Curation

Data Curation is Key in our world overloaded with unprecedented Data creation.

unstructured   Digital Information created

How to make sense, sort and organize all these data? This is strategic for all in the wired Knowledge society.

This has been well studied and documented by information scientists and specialist for the realization of complex systems. It can be extended to most information systems, platform and collaboration ecosystem : Open data Curation, Big data visualization, Creative commons, massive scale collaboration , collective problem solving….

Data Curation – Linked data – Knowledge Management

Data Information Knowledge Data Curation  dynamic

data Info Knowledge Wisdom

Data need to be contextualized and understood to be linked an curated optimally.

Step by step approach: the different stage of Data Curation Explained, inpired by Maslow’s Pyramid of Human needs

Maslow Pyramidmaslow 2

Maslow’s pyramid of Human needs Can Be applied to data Curation , to generate virtuous spiral of data curation,( content creation, data linkng, data contextualization,  data Visualization Interaction,decision making leading to action)

Just Like Maslow Explained that needs need to be fulfilled step by step, Data Curation much follow such step to ensure Value Creation , in a Virtuous Circle. in 3 Stages:

Stage 1 :   RAW Data Curation (objective/scientific/material criterias)

Create, Collect verify a data (is a true data? Does it Exist? is is an accurate Data? is It Consistent data?

the Data then curated once becomes an information , that can be stored, dat stamped , archived

Datalift_vision

 Stage 2:   Contextualization/ qualification (Subjectivisation):

What does it mean? is it important information? is it relevant? what context does it belongs to? Important or useless Information? What does it refer, relate to?  Once curated the Information can start to be linked, exchanged…

the-linked-data-lifecycle Information management

Stage 3 :  Linking, exchange, visualization . Decision making Inter-action, change: : Information becomes Knowledge, idea creation

data action loop Triple-S-learning-feedback-loop_imagelarge       2.1_data-cleaning-integration1

The importance of the Feedback Loop come into place  In a complex system of Interaction. (see the work of  Joel de Rosnay, the Macroscpe 1979)

Feed back loop feedback loop

Virtuous spiral

Once these principles are implemented , controlled in a open collaborative way  the P2P and block chain seems perfect for that purpose) then many ecosystems with specific purpose of Goals can be created, collective problem solving can be implemented ….BIG data predictive analytic…

collective Intelligence

stigmegy powerful stigmergy

This can lead to the emergence of crowd collaboration and rapid raise of collective consciousness!

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Open data

open data conference

Today starts the 3rd Open Data Conference 2015 , the Future of Open Data (free information) is of Huge importance in the information society we are living in.

You can follow all the conference with live stream http://opendatacon.org/

in my Opinion the stakes are high for the future of humanity in a connected digital world:

Open data world =  Empowered Netizens = Collective evolution with Open data Curation

Closed Data world = Big brother world

 

P2P Architecture : A disruptive tidal Wave

world-wide-web-25-years-super

P2P  means Peer to Peer

Most People have heard or read this acronym but it seems very few people really grasp what it really mean’s, and the crucial role it’s playing in reshaping and disrupting the digital and wired information society we are living in.

 

P2P Definition:

Peer-to-peer (P2P) computing or networking is a distributed application architecture that partitions tasks or work loads between peers. Peers are equally privileged, equipotent participants in the application. They are said to form a peer-to-peer network of nodes.

 

P2P  Network architecture is playing a KEY role in the digital economy, it is the game changer or Paradigm shift  behind major applications. It has a bright future in the near Zero marginal cost Economy. Therefore, understanding it’s  TRUE nature and history is Very Important.

 

A technical network architecture that is changing the world at an amazing pace

 

p2p

Napster was the first P2P network for file sharing. It allowed internet user to share  and download files freely over the internet, which totally disrupted the music Copyright industry.

It’s had a huge  exponential growth, but it’s great idea was combined with an inborn defect, a Central registry, which made it vulnerable and was therefore shut down…

 

Centralized versus decentralized network architecture

napster-diagram11

 

Napster idea of file sharing was genius and innovative, but it was vulnerable because of it’s centralized registry of files information.

Remark: One has to remember that the Internet itself was first conceived during the cold war as a  communication network  able to resist attacks and therefore have no vulnerable /crucial point.  This is where a decentralized network architecture provide the solution.

napster-diagram2

 

14th March 2000, release of GNUTELLA first ever open source decentralized file Sharing software

 

Gnutella protocol was designed to meet the following goals:

  •  Ability to operate in a dynamic environment. P2P applications operate in dynamic environments, where hosts may join or leave the network frequently. They must achieve flexibility in order to keep operating transparently despite a constantly changing set of resources.
  • Performance and Scalability. P2P paradigm shows its full potential only on large-scale deployments where the limits of the traditional client/server paradigm become obvious. Moreover, scalability is important as P2P applications exhibit what economists call the “network effect”  the value of a network to an individual user increases with the total number of users participating in the network. Ideally, when increasing the number of nodes, aggregate storage space and file availability should grow linearly, response time should remain constant, while search throughput should remain high or grow.
  •  Reliability. External attacks should not cause significant data or performance loss.
  • Anonymity. Anonymity is valued as a means to protect privacy of people seeking or providing information that may not be popular

Gnutella, Kazaa, Morpeus, Bit Tottents are examples of decentralized P2P file sharing networks.

 

Their built-in decentralized structure, enable the optimized sharing of information  a game changer. It allowed the emergence  of various disruptive applications.  

The P2P  architecture expansion

 

LW-Clones-Larger-named P2P softs p2p

 

 P2P file sharing has completely disrupted the Music Industry

 

 

skype

 Skype is the first P2P VOIP software : Massive Disruption of the telcon Industry

 

 

First Release: August 29, 2003 

In September 2005, Ebay acquired Skype for $2.6 billion

On 10 May 2011, Microsoft Corporation acquired Skype US$8.5 billion

skype connects statistics

 

 

skype_infographic_time_4-1a

 

 

 

 

Bitcoin

BitCoin Open Source P2P Money

Bitcoin is also Based on P2P architecture.

Bitcoin uses peer-to-peer technology to operate with no central authority or banks; managing transactions and the issuing of bitcoins is carried out collectively by the network. Bitcoin is open-source; its design is public, nobody owns or controls Bitcoin and everyone can take part. Through many of its unique properties, Bitcoin allows exciting uses that could not be covered by any previous payment system.

 

 

P2P = Disintermediation =Sharing economy =Power to the People

The P2P architecture + Digital Connected world  = Major Disruptions Every where

 

 

 

 

 

 

Airbabdb collab consumption collaborative consumption digital disruption digital disruptions enpowered People f2f platform fairstarts_featured-1024x755 gamification holistic info management Internet of things rydemypony-investor-pitch-16-638 sharing economy

 

 

 

DAO company DAO KM DAO DAS society

 

 

Links & references:

 

P2P on wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peer-to-peer

Napster : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napster

History of Gnutella: http://ntrg.cs.tcd.ie/undergrad/4ba2.02-03/p5.html#HistoryOfGnutella

Internet Revolution:

http://www.cs.ucsb.edu/~almeroth/classes/F04.176A/homework1_good_papers/Alaa-Gharbawi.html

Decentralized networks:

http://www.bitcoincollege.info/centralized-vs-decentralized-computing/

P2P theory:

http://p2pfoundation.net/Category:P2P_Theory

 

P2P Fundation: http://blog.p2pfoundation.net/

 

Slide share introduction to P2P :

Microsoft buy skype: http://www.wired.com/2011/05/microsoft-buys-skype-2/

 

 

 

Images references:

decentralized networked

Four-Keys-to-Successful-Change

honeycomb_collab_econ

one love

Oneswarm

P2P Image